Harmful fats – what is it?
It is common practice to call harmful or bad fats all saturated and trans-unsaturated fats. Excessive intake of harmful fats causes many diseases, the most significant of which are diabetes, obesity, some forms of cancer, cardiovascular diseases: heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis, etc.
Unlike trans fats, saturated fats are widespread in nature and even useful in limited doses (these are all animal fats, including milk fats).
Trans fats are for the most part a food technology product, namely partial hydrogenation. Using this method, liquid vegetable oils are converted to hard margarines. In the process of hydrogenation, the transition of natural cis isomers of fatty acids into trans forms takes place, which the body does not absorb. Continue reading
Although cocoa beans are historically native to South America, the story of their cultivation begins in Central America. Archaeological finds of vessels with traces of theobromine suggest the use of this plant presumably from 1100 BC. e. But not cocoa beans were used, but the sugar-containing pulp of the fruit from which the alcoholic beverage was made (the fruits of the cocoa tree, shaped like a large cucumber or small melon, contain from 20 to 60 large seeds – cocoa beans arranged in several rows and surrounded by whitish flesh). Continue reading
Legumes – seeds of legumes – the main sources of protein of plant origin. Also an excellent source of protein for vegetarians are nuts, seeds and cheese. Legumes in combination with grain serve as the basis for vegetarian nutrition. The benefits of beans are that, along with a high protein content, they are low in fat, they are rich in fiber and iron, B vitamins, and useful minerals.
Beans contain 25-40% of high-grade protein, and therefore their main value lies in the ability to easily replace meat products. Beans are the most important product not only for vegetarians, but also for those people who are contraindicated in the meat diet for health reasons. For better assimilation of beans by the body, as well as reducing cooking time, it is necessary to soak them in water for a while (preferably at night) before cooking, and combine the finished bean dishes with tomatoes, lemon juice and herbs. Continue reading